1. Get the Diabetes Forum App for your phone - available on iOS and Android.
    Dismiss Notice
  2. Guest, we'd love to know what you think about the forum! Take the Diabetes Forum Survey 2022 »
    Dismiss Notice
  3. Diabetes Forum should not be used in an emergency and does not replace your healthcare professional relationship. Posts can be seen by the public.
    Dismiss Notice
Dismiss Notice
Find support, ask questions and share your experiences. Join the community »

Genetic type 1 diabetes test in children could reduce US hospital admissions

Discussion in 'Diabetes News' started by DCUK NewsBot, Oct 17, 2019.

  1. DCUK NewsBot

    DCUK NewsBot · Well-Known Member

    Likes Received:
    Trophy Points:
    A new genetics approach is being developed to diagnose children with type 1 diabetes before they may need emergency treatment. A team from the University of Virginia is trying to demonstrate the value of genetic screening and how it could significantly reduce the number of young people who are hospitalised with the autoimmune condition. A significant number of children who develop type 1 diabetes require emergency care before they are diagnosed with the condition. Previous studies have shown that 30-46% of children develop diabetic ketoacidosis, a life-threatening illness, before they are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. No single gene is responsible for the development of type 1 diabetes, which is why, historically, genetics has always been a more complex way of determining who is at risk. However, now the research team say they believe they have enough genetic information which they can now use positively. Stephen Rich, director of the Center for Public Health Genomics at the University of Virginia, said: "The risk of type 1 diabetes is about half genetic and half unknown. In a complex disease like type 1 diabetes, we're probably unique in that we understand the vast majority of the genetic risk." The researchers are focusing on carrying out a genetic test on young people who are deemed at higher risk of type 1 diabetes. Intermittent blood tests will be taken to look for autoantibodies associated with type 1 diabetes. So far, about 2,000 children have undergone the genetic test and 60 have been found to be at heightened risk because of the genes they are carrying. Dr David Repaske, head of pediatric endocrinology at the university, said: "We have the potential to include this on the newborn screen that every child in the country participates in. But then there's the ethical dilemma: How are people going to deal with this information?" However, the screening is already helping some people. Jeri Seidman's 12-year-old daughter Hannah was picked out as having heightened risk as part of the genetic test. She is now undergoing periodic blood tests to monitor autoantibodies in her blood. Should she go on to develop type 1 diabetes, it is less likely she will avoid being admitted to hospital as the family will be aware of the symptoms and her healthcare team will be able to commence treatment quickly. Dr Repaske said: "It's a much better course of initiating therapy. They stay out of the ICU (intensive care unit). They even stay out of the hospital, in most cases."

    Continue reading...
  2. Robinredbreast

    Robinredbreast Type 1 · Oracle

    Likes Received:
    Trophy Points:
    My granddaughter was diagnoses with type 1 diabetes at 2 years old. My daughter, her mum, took her to our GP's because of some symptoms she was showing ( plus I have type 1) GP needed a urine sample, which was very difficult at that time.
    Granddaughter was getting worse, so dad took her to hospital, he told the doctor of their worry regarding type 1 diabetes and the doctor dismissed what was said and diagnosed granddaughter with a viral infection and sent home. That night granddaughter was so ill, she was taken to A&E and on HDU, seriously ill. She had tubes coming out of her, just a nappy on and her chest was going up and down so rapidly.
    Because of the doctors dismissive, indifferent attitude, my granddaughter nearly died. Screening would of helped, especially as type 1 is in our family, on my mothers side.
  • Meet the Community

    Find support, connect with others, ask questions and share your experiences with people with diabetes, their carers and family.

    Did you know: 7 out of 10 people improve their understanding of diabetes within 6 months of being a Diabetes Forum member. Get the Diabetes Forum App and stay connected on iOS and Android

    Grab the app!
  • Tweet with us

  • Like us on Facebook