Diabetes and kidney failure

Thu, 08 Feb 2007
A new report today sent out by the Canadian Institute for Health Information indicates that the number of patients newly diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (usually consistent with kidney failure) who were also diabetics soared by 114 per cent from 1995-2004.

This increased rate reflects overall increases in the prevalence of diabetes in Canada . End-stage renal disease refers to a serious condition in which the kidneys have permanently been damaged, and will no longer function to maintain normal life. Diabetes is gradually being recognised as a major risk factor for the disease.

Margaret Keresteci, the Manager of Clinical Registries at CIHI, said: "Diabetes is the fastest growing cause of end-stage renal disease. In fact, diabetes is now a factor in more than 40% of all registered ESRD patients, up from 25% 10 years ago. It's important to note that the type of diabetes driving the increase is linked to obesity and lifestyle factors."

She continued: "The reduction of type 1 diabetes in kidney failure patients may be attributed to improved interventions and treatments over time. What's remarkable is the surge in cases among patients with type 2 diabetes-a disease that is often preventable. Addressing ways to reduce the prevalence of this illness could help limit the devastating health consequences, including ESRD, associated with it."
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