Child blood pressure and body mass index could predict diabetes

Tue, 05 Jan 2010
According to recent research, a child's metabolic measurements (such as blood pressure, body mass index and blood glucose levels) could predict type 2 diabetes risk. The study was conducted at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Centre.

Authors of the study wrote down as background information: "In the past 25 years, the prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus have increased concomitantly, and the age at onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus has dropped precipitously, especially in black females."

The authors reportedly continued: "When body mass index, systolic blood pressure and diastolic [bottom number] blood pressure were all lower than the 75th percentile and there was no parental diabetes mellitus, the likelihood of children developing type 2 diabetes mellitus 22 to 30 years later was only 1 percent. If childhood body mass index, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were all lower than the 75th percentile, the likelihood of type 2 diabetes mellitus at age 19 years was 0.2 percent, 0.2 percent if the parents were also free of diabetes mellitus and 0.3 percent if childhood insulin was also less than the 75th percentile."
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