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Am I diabetic?

Discussion in 'Ask A Question' started by Lizionda, Oct 21, 2015.

  1. Lizionda

    Lizionda Prediabetes · Newbie

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    Blood sugar 10.4 then fasted for 12 hours tested again & it was 9.1 Does this mean I may be diabetic? I understand you cant diagnose but was hoping for some advice as to what the figures could mean in terms of diagnosis? I also have high lipids? Have pain & some numbness in my 1 foot around ankle! I'm constantly & extremely tired, sweat terribly & generally feel very lethargic & no energy whatsoever :( Docs appointment next week!
    #1 Lizionda, Oct 21, 2015 at 4:14 AM
    Last edited by a moderator: Oct 21, 2015
  2. ButtterflyLady

    ButtterflyLady Type 2 · Well-Known Member

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    For a formal diagnosis you need laboratory blood tests as these are more reliable than home blood glucose meters. A fasting blood glucose of more than 7.0, plus another of the same or a different type of blood test is what usually confirms the diagnosis.

    Your fatigue and sweating could be related to high BGs, or to other disorders. Are you on any medications? Regarding lipids, be sure to find out your triglycerides, HDL and LDL cholesterol levels and not just the total cholesterol level. Then you have a basis for deciding what to do about them.

    If you get diagnosed with diabetes, you will probably find @daisy1 's newcomer info helpful.
  3. Squire Fulwood

    Squire Fulwood Type 2 · Expert

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    Readings taken at home are unacceptable for a formal diagnosis but if we assume for the purposes of the argument that those readings were taken at the surgery.

    A random test (don't know when you last ate) of 10.4 does not quite come up to the 11.0 needed to gain the doctor's interest although it is definitely a heads up.

    A fasting reading of 9.1 is higher than the 7.0 required and two such results would define you as diabetic.

    Your doctor may well do an Hba1c test which is another type of blood test where it takes a few days to get the results but it gives a much more clear idea of how your blood sugars have been for several weeks prior to the test.

    Your other symptoms could be anything including diabetes.
  4. daisy1

    daisy1 Type 2 · Legend
    Retired Moderator

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    Hello Lizionda and welcome to the forum:) Since you are close to diabetes, reading this information we give to new members, mentioned above, could be helpful to you. Ask as many questions as you like and someone will be able to give their advice.


    Diabetes is the general term to describe people who have blood that is sweeter than normal. A number of different types of diabetes exist.

    A diagnosis of diabetes tends to be a big shock for most of us. It’s far from the end of the world though and on this forum you’ll find over 150,000 people who are demonstrating this.

    On the forum we have found that with the number of new people being diagnosed with diabetes each day, sometimes the NHS is not being able to give all the advice it would perhaps like to deliver - particularly with regards to people with type 2 diabetes.

    The role of carbohydrate

    Carbohydrates are a factor in diabetes because they ultimately break down into sugar (glucose) within our blood. We then need enough insulin to either convert the blood sugar into energy for our body, or to store the blood sugar as body fat.

    If the amount of carbohydrate we take in is more than our body’s own (or injected) insulin can cope with, then our blood sugar will rise.

    The bad news

    Research indicates that raised blood sugar levels over a period of years can lead to organ damage, commonly referred to as diabetic complications.

    The good news

    People on the forum here have shown that there is plenty of opportunity to keep blood sugar levels from going too high. It’s a daily task but it’s within our reach and it’s well worth the effort.

    Controlling your carbs

    The info below is primarily aimed at people with type 2 diabetes, however, it may also be of benefit for other types of diabetes as well.
    There are two approaches to controlling your carbs:

    • Reduce your carbohydrate intake
    • Choose ‘better’ carbohydrates

    Reduce your carbohydrates

    A large number of people on this forum have chosen to reduce the amount of carbohydrates they eat as they have found this to be an effective way of improving (lowering) their blood sugar levels.

    The carbohydrates which tend to have the most pronounced effect on blood sugar levels tend to be starchy carbohydrates such as rice, pasta, bread, potatoes and similar root vegetables, flour based products (pastry, cakes, biscuits, battered food etc) and certain fruits.

    Choosing better carbohydrates

    Another option is to replace ‘white carbohydrates’ (such as white bread, white rice, white flour etc) with whole grain varieties. The idea behind having whole grain varieties is that the carbohydrates get broken down slower than the white varieties –and these are said to have a lower glycaemic index.

    The low glycaemic index diet is often favoured by healthcare professionals but some people with diabetes find that low GI does not help their blood sugar enough and may wish to cut out these foods altogether.

    Read more on carbohydrates and diabetes

    Eating what works for you

    Different people respond differently to different types of food. What works for one person may not work so well for another. The best way to see which foods are working for you is to test your blood sugar with a glucose meter.

    To be able to see what effect a particular type of food or meal has on your blood sugar is to do a test before the meal and then test after the meal. A test 2 hours after the meal gives a good idea of how your body has reacted to the meal.

    The blood sugar ranges recommended by NICE are as follows:

    Blood glucose ranges for type 2 diabetes
    • Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 8.5 mmol/l
    Blood glucose ranges for type 1 diabetes (adults)
    • Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 9 mmol/l
    Blood glucose ranges for type 1 diabetes (children)
    • Before meals: 4 to 8 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 10 mmol/l
    However, those that are able to, may wish to keep blood sugar levels below the NICE after meal targets.

    Access to blood glucose test strips

    The NICE guidelines suggest that people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should be offered:

    • structured education to every person and/or their carer at and around the time of diagnosis, with annual reinforcement and review
    • self-monitoring of plasma glucose to a person newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes only as an integral part of his or her self-management education

    Therefore both structured education and self-monitoring of blood glucose should be offered to people with type 2 diabetes. Read more on getting access to bloodglucose testing supplies.

    You may also be interested to read questions to ask at a diabetic clinic

    Note: This post has been edited from Sue/Ken's post to include up to date information.
  5. Lizionda

    Lizionda Prediabetes · Newbie

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    Thank you all for your comments /advice.. I have doc appointment next Wednesday for the result of my blood test. I was told over the telephone by the Secretary that my blood results were back & that my bg was a little high & so was my lipids.. she wouldn't tell me anymore & said I had to make appointment to see the doctor! The figures mentioned in my original post were done at home, finger pick test after fasting for 12 hours. I suppose I will have to wait & see what doc says.. so frustrating having to wait a week to find out though! Thanks again :)
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