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Ketones.....?

Discussion in 'Diabetes Discussions' started by not-so-lucky, Oct 12, 2017.

  1. not-so-lucky

    not-so-lucky Type 2 · Well-Known Member

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    Hey All,

    I'm a little confused.... (and a little uneducated on this subject) - The diabetic nurse advised me (many moons ago) that if my Keytones go above 0.6mmol then I should seek medical advice immediately. Now I know that this is because it could be a sign of Ketoic Acidosis (which is supposed to be really unhealthy). Every time I check my ketones they're always 0.1 - but I noticed a number of members on the forum are getting much higher readings? - Is this a good or a bad thing? If it's negative is that a bad thing?

    Just curious is all and incidentally if they do go up, what should I be doing about it to bring them back down again? (if anything at all) but as mentioned; my readings have only ever once gone up to 0.5. Is it something to be anxious about if they raise?

    If someone could explain it in simple terms that'd be great, I'm not much of a scientist or medical expert :D

    Thanks in Advance
     
  2. lou258

    lou258 Type 1 · Well-Known Member

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    Have you got an illness mgt leaflet or anything? I was given one (I’ll try and attach pic!) and yes was told over 0.6mmol to start to worry ;)
    I’ve tested occasionally and get around 0.2, I believe it increases slightly naturally when you’ve not eaten but I’m not sure on that!!
     
  3. lou258

    lou258 Type 1 · Well-Known Member

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  4. catapillar

    catapillar Type 1 · Well-Known Member

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    Ketones can be caused be a lack of insulin. These are bad ketones and to be avoided and this is where the over 0.6 guidence comes from.

    Ketones can also be caused by your body perfectly happily burning fat, instead of glucose for fuel. This is nutritional ketosis and not anything to be concerned about.

    Whether ketones are a good thing or a bad thing depends on why you are getting them.

    If you have 0.5 ketones and you are not low carbing then I would suggest the best way to get them down is to follow sick day rules, because they would be caused by lack of insulin.

    If you have 0.5 ketones because you are low carbing then thers no need to do anything, additional insulin won't "correct" nutritional ketones but will just cause hypos.
     
    • Agree Agree x 1
  5. ringi

    ringi Type 2 · Well-Known Member

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    Firstly you can’t get Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) unless your body is producing little or no insulin, hence most people with Type2 are NEVER at risk of DKA however high their BG is. (But they may have Type1 even if they have been told they have Type2, one very good reason why insulin levels should be measured in everyone, but the NHS does not do so.)

    DKA happens when the insulin level is very low so that cells are not able to take in energy from glucose or ketenes, the body keeps making ketenes but the cells can’t use them. The risk is increased by dehydration, so drink water.

    When you are “burning fat” a normal body create a little insulin that lets the cells use ketenes, but not enough insulin to let the cells use glucose.

    If you are taking SGLT2 inhibitors (Forxiga, Dapagliflozin, Invokana, Canagliflozin, Jardiance, Empagliflozin, and maybe other brand names) then you can get DKA at low BG levels and if there are any symptoms of DKA you must go to A&E to get a blood gas test regardless of your BG level. (This is one of the reasons that SGLT2 inhibitors are not licensed for Type1 at present.)

    Otherwise, your BG must have been over 10 for some time or over about 20 to have a real risk of DKA.

    So high BG plus high ketenes => Ring NHS 111
     
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