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New to diabeties

Discussion in 'Greetings and Introductions' started by hayleywalesuk, Jul 7, 2017.

  1. hayleywalesuk

    hayleywalesuk Type 2 · Newbie

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    Hi everyone,
    I have been diagnosed with type 2 diabeties for just over a month.
    I am on metformin , Jardine and glicazide tablets sorry about the spelling. My sugar levels are anywhere between 3.1 and 15.
    I have changed my diet completely although never been one to eat a lot of sweets and never taken sugar in my tea or coffee.
    I just can't seem to get them to settle.
     
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  2. Pipp

    Pipp Type 2 · Expert
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    Hello @hayleywalesuk . Welcome.
    Tagging @daisy1 who posts info for new members. You should get that here soon. Have a read, and ask questions. Lots of friendly advice available from members here.
     
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  3. Guzzler

    Guzzler Type 2 · Master

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    Hi there and welcome @haleywalesuk When you say you've changed your diet are you low carbing?
    You are doing the right thing by testing and it's a good idea to keep a food diary so you know which foods make your sugars spike and which don't. We are all different and it takes a little trial and error to get the numbers to steady at first. You will find lots of info and support here, I havn't been here for very long and already I am out of 'panic mode' and learning every day. Enjoy.
     
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  4. Bluetit1802

    Bluetit1802 Type 2 (in remission!) · Guru

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    Goodness, that is a big variation. Is your second med Jardiance?

    If we knew a little more about your eating plan we may spot something to help. Could you give us a typical day's food and drink?
     
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  5. KezG

    KezG Type 2 · Well-Known Member

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    @hayleywalesuk Hello and welcome to the forum.. you're in good hands here :)
     
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  6. Rosiegough_

    Rosiegough_ Type 2 · Well-Known Member

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    Hi xx
     
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  7. daisy1

    daisy1 Type 2 · Legend
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    @hayleywalesuk

    Hello Hayley and welcome to the Forum :) Here is the Basic Information we give to new members and I hope it will be useful to you. Ask as many questions as you need to and someone will be able to help.


    BASIC INFORMATION FOR NEWLY DIAGNOSED DIABETICS

    Diabetes is the general term to describe people who have blood that is sweeter than normal. A number of different types of diabetes exist.

    A diagnosis of diabetes tends to be a big shock for most of us. It’s far from the end of the world though and on this forum you'll find well over 245,000 people who are demonstrating this.

    On the forum we have found that with the number of new people being diagnosed with diabetes each day, sometimes the NHS is not being able to give all the advice it would perhaps like to deliver - particularly with regards to people with type 2 diabetes.

    The role of carbohydrate

    Carbohydrates are a factor in diabetes because they ultimately break down into sugar (glucose) within our blood. We then need enough insulin to either convert the blood sugar into energy for our body, or to store the blood sugar as body fat.

    If the amount of carbohydrate we take in is more than our body’s own (or injected) insulin can cope with, then our blood sugar will rise.

    The bad news

    Research indicates that raised blood sugar levels over a period of years can lead to organ damage, commonly referred to as diabetic complications.

    The good news

    People on the forum here have shown that there is plenty of opportunity to keep blood sugar levels from going too high. It’s a daily task but it’s within our reach and it’s well worth the effort.

    Controlling your carbs

    The info below is primarily aimed at people with type 2 diabetes, however, it may also be of benefit for other types of diabetes as well.

    There are two approaches to controlling your carbs:
    • Reduce your carbohydrate intake
    • Choose ‘better’ carbohydrates
    Reduce your carbohydrates

    A large number of people on this forum have chosen to reduce the amount of carbohydrates they eat as they have found this to be an effective way of improving (lowering) their blood sugar levels.

    The carbohydrates which tend to have the most pronounced effect on blood sugar levels tend to be starchy carbohydrates such as rice, pasta, bread, potatoes and similar root vegetables, flour based products (pastry, cakes, biscuits, battered food etc) and certain fruits.

    Choosing better carbohydrates

    The low glycaemic index diet is often favoured by healthcare professionals but some people with diabetes find that low GI does not help their blood sugar enough and may wish to cut out these foods altogether.

    Read more on carbohydrates and diabetes.

    Over 145,000 people have taken part in the Low Carb Program - a free 10 week structured education course that is helping people lose weight and reduce medication dependency by explaining the science behind carbs, insulin and GI.

    Eating what works for you

    Different people respond differently to different types of food. What works for one person may not work so well for another. The best way to see which foods are working for you is to test your blood sugar with a glucose meter.

    To be able to see what effect a particular type of food or meal has on your blood sugar is to do a test before the meal and then test after the meal. A test 2 hours after the meal gives a good idea of how your body has reacted to the meal.

    The blood sugar ranges recommended by NICE are as follows:

    Blood glucose ranges for type 2 diabetes
    • Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 8.5 mmol/l
    Blood glucose ranges for type 1 diabetes (adults)
    • Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 9 mmol/l
    Blood glucose ranges for type 1 diabetes (children)
    • Before meals: 4 to 8 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 10 mmol/l
    However, those that are able to, may wish to keep blood sugar levels below the NICE after meal targets.

    Access to blood glucose test strips

    The NICE guidelines suggest that people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should be offered:

    • structured education to every person and/or their carer at and around the time of diagnosis, with annual reinforcement and review
    • self-monitoring of plasma glucose to a person newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes only as an integral part of his or her self-management education

    Therefore both structured education and self-monitoring of blood glucose should be offered to people with type 2 diabetes. Read more on getting access to blood glucose testing supplies.

    You may also be interested to read questions to ask at a diabetic clinic.

    Note: This post has been edited from Sue/Ken's post to include up to date information.

    Take part in Diabetes.co.uk digital education programs and improve your understanding. They're all free.
    • Low Carb Program - it's made front-page news of the New Scientist and The Times. Developed with 20,000 people with type 2 diabetes; 96% of people who take part recommend it... find out why
    • Hypo Program - improve your understanding of hypos. There's a version for people with diabetes, parents/guardians of children with type 1, children with type 1 diabetes, teachers and HCPs.
     
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  8. SockFiddler

    SockFiddler Type 2 · Well-Known Member

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    Heya Hayley and welcome to the forum!

    There's a wealth of information, advice and support available here and you're in a great place to start getting on top of your illness. I know you've been bombarded with questions, but I've a couple, too (sorry!):

    Are the BG levels you give all fasting levels (all taken before you've even had breakfast)?

    What have you changed your diet from and to? How much carb intake would you say you had now?

    What was your HbA1c result when you were diagnosed?

    I'm not expert by any means, but there's a lot of very capable people here who will be able to give you some really sound advice, incredibly helpful information and tips on where to start unpicking everything. It's an incredible place to start your diabetes journey and there are so many people eager to share it with you.

    So take a breath, relax, everything's going to be okay.

    Much love to you,

    Sock x
     
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  9. Liam1955

    Liam1955 Type 2 · Master

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  10. Daibell

    Daibell LADA · Master

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    Hi and welcome. Can you tell us a bit more about your BMI and age? Sometimes those diagnosed with T2 but with quite high blood sugar may actually be T1 particularly if they present as slim and young. If so, then the treatment options may differ. Low-carbing remains very important.
     
  11. hayleywalesuk

    hayleywalesuk Type 2 · Newbie

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    i am not sure of my bmi I am weighing 10stone.13 and am 5ft 3 I am a young 50 lol x
     
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  12. hayleywalesuk

    hayleywalesuk Type 2 · Newbie

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    I am trying to keep my carbs low, I made the first mistake by having special k not realising it was high in sugar. Good idea about a food diary will defiantly do one. x
     
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  13. Jenny40

    Jenny40 Type 1 · Member

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    Hi, I'm new to all this too, I was diagnosed on Monday with Type 1. My levels are also all over the place they are ranging from 13.8-25.8. I am on tablets until tomorrow when I find out if I need insulin, pretty sure I will.
    If you do find some ways of bringing your levels down would you mind sharing with a fellow newbie!
    x
     
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  14. Liam1955

    Liam1955 Type 2 · Master

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    Hi @Jenny40 and Welcome to the Forum :).
     
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