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New Type 2. Is there something simple to advice me?

Discussion in 'Ask A Question' started by paulloseby, Apr 14, 2018.

  1. paulloseby

    paulloseby Type 2 · Member

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    For 70 years, I've managed perfectly ok. I know I'm overweight but it has never really bothered me. I've now been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

    I've asked a friend who suffers and he makes it sound so complicated. Everywhere I look and read, it all sounds complicated. I want something simple that I can understand easily. What food should I eat and what should I avoid?

    I am a bit of a computer nerd and into my smartphones etc. Is there an app or reliable device that can help me with taking readings?

    I am sorry but it all seems so confusing and the more people I ask or the more I read, the more confused I get. Advice on food and 'smart' ways of controlling/reading would be very much appreciated.

    Many thanks

    Paul
     
  2. Mike d

    Mike d Type 2 · Expert

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    Ban as many sugars as you can .. cereals, cakes, pastries, full on soft drinks, most fruits etc. Keep carbs to a minimum and no below ground vegetables. Start by reading / searching the forum or go back to your friend. At the outset, it IS complicated. Soon enough, it becomes clear
     
    • Like Like x 1
    #2 Mike d, Apr 14, 2018 at 8:03 PM
    Last edited: Apr 14, 2018
  3. bulkbiker

    bulkbiker Type 2 · Oracle

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    A lot of us follow a low carb higher fat diet this is excellently explained on www.dietdoctor.com
    Effectively you eat any meat, green veg, any fish, butter , cheese, cream, eggs. If it looks like food your mum would recognise then its probably ok..
    Follow that and you'll probably lose weight and get your blood sugar under control.
    It's not really rocket science but boy does it work for most of us!
     
    • Agree Agree x 2
  4. Antje77

    Antje77 LADA · Moderator
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    The simple explanation is: Carbs turn to sugar in your body. Your body cannot cope with as much carbs as before now you've got diabetes. Using your meter before and after meals will tell you how many carbs you can handle whithout having high blood sugars. Medication might be of help if reducing your carbs doesn't work well enough.

    For the slightly longer explanation I'll tag @daisy1 , who'll post an exellent welcoming pack of information. Good luck!
     
  5. Boo1979

    Boo1979 Other · Well-Known Member

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  6. daisy1

    daisy1 Type 2 · Legend

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    @paulloseby

    Hello Paul and welcome to the Forum :) Here is the Basic Information we give to new members and I hope you will find it useful. Ask as many questions as you like and someone will be able to help.



    BASIC INFORMATION FOR NEWLY DIAGNOSED DIABETICS

    Diabetes is the general term to describe people who have blood that is sweeter than normal. A number of different types of diabetes exist.

    A diagnosis of diabetes tends to be a big shock for most of us. It’s far from the end of the world though and on this forum you'll find well over 235,000 people who are demonstrating this.

    On the forum we have found that with the number of new people being diagnosed with diabetes each day, sometimes the NHS is not being able to give all the advice it would perhaps like to deliver - particularly with regards to people with type 2 diabetes.

    The role of carbohydrate

    Carbohydrates are a factor in diabetes because they ultimately break down into sugar (glucose) within our blood. We then need enough insulin to either convert the blood sugar into energy for our body, or to store the blood sugar as body fat.

    If the amount of carbohydrate we take in is more than our body’s own (or injected) insulin can cope with, then our blood sugar will rise.

    The bad news

    Research indicates that raised blood sugar levels over a period of years can lead to organ damage, commonly referred to as diabetic complications.

    The good news

    People on the forum here have shown that there is plenty of opportunity to keep blood sugar levels from going too high. It’s a daily task but it’s within our reach and it’s well worth the effort.

    Controlling your carbs

    The info below is primarily aimed at people with type 2 diabetes, however, it may also be of benefit for other types of diabetes as well.

    There are two approaches to controlling your carbs:
    • Reduce your carbohydrate intake
    • Choose ‘better’ carbohydrates
    Reduce your carbohydrates

    A large number of people on this forum have chosen to reduce the amount of carbohydrates they eat as they have found this to be an effective way of improving (lowering) their blood sugar levels.

    The carbohydrates which tend to have the most pronounced effect on blood sugar levels tend to be starchy carbohydrates such as rice, pasta, bread, potatoes and similar root vegetables, flour based products (pastry, cakes, biscuits, battered food etc) and certain fruits.

    Choosing better carbohydrates

    The low glycaemic index diet is often favoured by healthcare professionals but some people with diabetes find that low GI does not help their blood sugar enough and may wish to cut out these foods altogether.

    Read more on carbohydrates and diabetes.

    Over 145,000 people have taken part in the Low Carb Program - a 10 week structured education course that is helping people lose weight and reduce medication dependency by explaining the science behind carbs, insulin and GI.

    Eating what works for you

    Different people respond differently to different types of food. What works for one person may not work so well for another. The best way to see which foods are working for you is to test your blood sugar with a glucose meter.

    To be able to see what effect a particular type of food or meal has on your blood sugar is to do a test before the meal and then test after the meal. A test 2 hours after the meal gives a good idea of how your body has reacted to the meal.

    The blood sugar ranges recommended by NICE are as follows:

    Blood glucose ranges for type 2 diabetes
    • Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 8.5 mmol/l
    Blood glucose ranges for type 1 diabetes (adults)
    • Before meals: 4 to 7 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 9 mmol/l
    Blood glucose ranges for type 1 diabetes (children)
    • Before meals: 4 to 8 mmol/l
    • 2 hours after meals: under 10 mmol/l
    However, those that are able to, may wish to keep blood sugar levels below the NICE after meal targets.

    Access to blood glucose test strips

    The NICE guidelines suggest that people newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes should be offered:
    • structured education to every person and/or their carer at and around the time of diagnosis, with annual reinforcement and review
    • self-monitoring of plasma glucose to a person newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes only as an integral part of his or her self-management education

    Therefore both structured education and self-monitoring of blood glucose should be offered to people with type 2 diabetes. Read more on getting access to blood glucose testing supplies.

    You may also be interested to read questions to ask at a diabetic clinic.

    Note: This post has been edited from Sue/Ken's post to include up to date information.
    Take part in Diabetes.co.uk digital education programs and improve your understanding. Most of these are free.

    • Low Carb Program - it's made front-page news of the New Scientist and The Times. Developed with 20,000 people with type 2 diabetes; 96% of people who take part recommend it... find out why

    • Hypo Program - improve your understanding of hypos. There's a version for people with diabetes, parents/guardians of children with type 1, children with type 1 diabetes, teachers and HCPs.
     
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