What happens when you have diabetes?

This page will tell you about what happens when you have diabetes. Diabetes can even happen to animals like dogs and cats.

  • Food powers our bodies. When we eat food it turns into glucose. This happens in our liver and gut. We use this glucose for energy.
  • To make this happen, we use enzymes that come from our pancreas.
  • Cells in the pancreas like little islands are called ‘islets’ and these make something called insulin.
  • Our body uses insulin to move glucose from the cell walls, into our cells.
  • Diabetes happens when there is not enough insulin to help the glucose turn into energy. This makes people feel sick. 
  • Diabetes can happen to small people, big people, and even dogs and cats!
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New words to remember:
Enzymes, Pancreas, Islets, Insulin

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