People with low levels of vitamin D are more likely to have type 2 diabetes, according to new research.
The study, conducted at the Universidad de Malaga, found that type 2 diabetes risk was increased regardless of weight. The research suggests that vitamin D levels are more closely linked to type 2 diabetes than obesity.
Vitamin D is produced in response to sunlight exposure. It is actually a pro-hormone, which means that it intensifies the effects of hormones. Vitamin D can also be acquired from eggs, fish, and dairy products.
The study was conducted by examining the relationships between vitamin D, body mass index (BMI), and type 2 diabetes. 118 participants were used.
The researchers grouped the participants by BMI and categorised them as diabetic, prediabetic, or non-diabetic. Then the vitamin D levels of all the participants were recorded.
Participants with obesity, but no diabetic disorders, had higher levels of vitamin D than those with diabetes or prediabetes. Leaner participants with diabetes had low levels of vitamin D.
The results suggest that vitamin D is connected to blood glucose levels rather than BMI. Getting plenty of vitamin D could directly prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Manuel Macias-Gonzales, one of the study’s authors, said: “Our findings indicate that vitamin D is associated more closely with glucose metabolism than obesity.
“The study suggests that vitamin D deficiency and obesity interact synergistically to heighten the risk of diabetes and other metabolic disorders.
“The average person may be able to reduce their risk by maintaining and healthy diet and getting enough outdoor activity.”
The study was published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

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