Diabetes diet advice should not differ from that given to general public
Researchers from the Department of Epidemiology at the German Institute of Human Nutrition Postadm-Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany, examined whether links between lifestyle factors and mortality risk differ between people with and without diabetes.
Using computer modelling, the scientists explored the association of mortality with a range of lifestyle factors (body mass index, waist/height ratio, alcohol consumption, physical activity, smoking, 26 food groups and leisure-time) in 6,384 diabetic and 258,911 non-diabetic participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer Nutrition (EPIC) study.
They found that overall mortality rates were 62% higher in the diabetes cohort compared to those without the disease (control group).
Intake of fruit, vegetables and a range of other food groups such as nuts, seeds, pasta and poultry were tied to a lower mortality risk, while comparison of butter and margarine was linked to an increased risk of death. While the strength of the relationships was different for those with diabetes versus those without, the associations were in the same direction in each case
Furthermore, no differences in the associations between other lifestyle factors, including alcohol consumption, adiposity, physical activity and smoking , and mortality risk were found.
In a press release, the authors concluded: "It appears that the intake of some food groups are more beneficial (fruits, legumes, nuts, seeds, pasta, poultry, vegetable oil) or more detrimental (soft drinks, butter, margarine, cake, cookies) with respect to mortality risk in people with diabetes.
"This may indicate that individuals with diabetes may benefit more from a healthy diet than people without diabetes. However, since the directions of association were generally the same, recommendations for a healthy diet should be similar for people with or without diabetes."
The study findings appear online in the journal Diabetologia.
Also related to this storyTypes of diabetes
Causes of diabetes
Diabetes and blood glucose
Newly diagnosed with diabetes
Diabetes food, diet and recipes
Diabetes care products
The Diabetes Community
British study to examine long-term effects of low-calorie diet on type 2 diabetes
Combo of low carb, Mediterranean diet keeps type 2 diabetes at bay
Case of type 2 diabetes reversed in 11 days through Newcastle Diet
Large, rich breakfast better for type 2 diabetes control
Blueberries and whole fruit may decrease type 2 diabetes risk but fruit juice increase it
Gestational diabetes outcomes not improved with low-carb dieting
Coca-rich diet linked to improved diabetes control
Diet soft drinks increase likelihood of type 2 diabetes