Type 1 diabetes is thought to have its genesis in some link between being genetically prone and environmental factors. A recent study looked at maternal and neonatal risk factors for type 1 diabetes amongst children under the age of 15 .
The study was conducted by the Aberdeen Maternity Hospital and followed cases from 1972 to 2002 who were born in the hospital and developed type 1 diabetes . The study found little link between type 1 diabetes and maternal age, maternal body mass index, abortions, sex, gestational age at birth, birth order, birth weight, jaundice, breast feeding and many others.
The study concluded that there was little evidence of a lower risk of diabetes development amongst children whose mothers smoked, meanwhile no evidence was found between maternal and neonatal factors and juvenile type 1 diabetes .

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