New light has been shed on the association between type 1 diabetes and asthma by an international study.
The two conditions have been linked by previous studies but now research from Finland suggests having asthma increases the risk of type 1 diabetes by 41 per cent. Those with type 1 diabetes, however, have a decreased risk of developing asthma by 18 per cent.
Dr Johanna Metsala, from the National Institute for Health and Welfare based in Helsinki, is the lead researcher in a study which has just been presented at the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology Congress 2017.
Metsala told delegates: “The association between asthma and type 1 diabetes is more complex than we previously thought. Prior asthma increased the risk of type 1 diabetes, but prior type 1 diabetes decreased the risk of subsequent asthma. This association was seen at all ages. This was a fairly novel observation.”
Metsala said all previous research on the links between the two conditions had not thrown up conclusive evidence about the relationship between asthma and type 1 diabetes.
Her team combed through Finnish health records looking at children born between 1981 and 2008 who had either type 1 diabetes or asthma by the time they were aged 16 or the year 2010.
They examined a pool of 171,138 children as part of a sample representing 10 per cent of youngsters born between those years. In total, 80,871 children had asthma, while 8,939 had been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. The team also found that 602 had both conditions.
Professor Peter Vuillermi, a pediatrics specialist from Australia’s Deakin University, attended the conference and commented: “I think comparing them and trying to understand what the similarities and differences are is likely to be really informative. It would be also nice to know if there’s a link across other allergic conditions that use different medications, such as food allergy.”

Get our free newsletters

Stay up to date with the latest news, research and breakthroughs.

You May Also Like

Coronavirus: UK instructed to stay at home this weekend

Health Secretary Matt Hancock has said that staying at home this weekend…

Top diabetes professor drafts risk assessment document for frontline COVID-19 staff

The health and wellbeing of frontline NHS staff has been prioritised among…

Twice daily dairy intakes could reduce type 2 diabetes risk

Eating cheese, yoghurt or eggs twice a day could help lower the…