Facts about diabetes

Facts about diabetes

You can be a diabetes expert with our diabetes facts. Don’t forget to share them with your friends and family so they know about diabetes too!

General diabetes facts

  • There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2, although there are lots of other less common types
  • Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes
  • Type 1 diabetes is managed using insulin injections or an insulin pump
  • About 9 out of 10 adults with diabetes have type 2 diabetes
  • Type 2 used to be called non-insulin dependent diabetes, although some require insulin to control their blood sugars
  • Type 2 diabetes is managed by diet, exercise and sometimes medication.
  • We are living in exciting times. Now we know that people can make type 2 diabetes better. Some people have been able to come off medication and become really healthy.

Diabetes in the UK

  • Millions of people in the UK have diabetes
  • In the UK, the NHS gives people free healthcare for people with diabetes. That’s a wonderful gift for people with this condition.

Diabetes worldwide

  • Diabetes affects around 400 million adults worldwide – that’s a lot of people that share this condition!
  • In some countries getting insulin for diabetes is a real struggle.n
  • Even in a very rich country like the USA, some people cannot afford insulin.
  • China is the country with the most people with diabetes.

Diabetes is the name for a group of conditions that cause higher than normal blood sugar levels. Different types of diabetes that exist include:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Gestational diabetes
  • LADA
  • MODY

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for approximately 85% of diabetes cases. In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system kills off the body’s own insulin producing cells. In type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effect of insulin

Charity, Diabetes UK, reports the number of people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK is currently around 3 million.It is estimated that there are about 850,000 people in the UK living with undiagnosed diabetes

The World Health Organisation estimates that around 350 million people have diabetes worldwide. It is also common for diabetes tends to run in families. Therefore people with a close family member who has diabetes, have a higher risk of developing the condition.

Type 2 diabetes is up to 6 times more common in people of South Asian origin. People of African and African-Caribbean descent are up to 3 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

On average diabetes reduces life expectancy but some people have been known to have lived over 80 years of their lives with diabetes

Diabetes history

  • World Diabetes Day is on November 14th every year
  • Diabetes was given its name by the Greek Physician Aretaeus (30-90CE), but the history of the disease can be dated back to ancient Egypt!
  • Diabetes was given its name by an ancient Greek doctor but the history of diabetes can be dated further back to ancient Egypt.
  • The first insulin injection to someone was given to a boy in Canada in 1921 – a truly lifechanging moment!

Random diabetes facts

  • Diabetes doesn’t have to prevent you from achieving your dreams. Prime Minister Theresa May has type 1 diabetes
  • Many celebrities and sportspeople have diabetes

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Children and diabetes

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