Acute kidney problems for diabetics in hospital can lead to chronic kidney disease

A new study by scientists at the University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center in the US has found that multiple episodes of acute kidney injury while in hospital means that diabetes patients face a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease. The study involved follow-up care on over 4,000 patients with diabetes mellitus from the US health care system over a 10-year period.
The research, which was published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, investigated the effects from multiple episodes of acute kidney injury on the risk of progressive kidney disease in diabetes patients, as well as exploring if the link is independent of other risk factors of diabetic kidney failure, including high blood pressure and protein in the urine.
Acute kidney injury, which is comparatively common in hospitalised patients, is due to factors such as being exposed to substances or interventions that are harmful to the kidney, low blood volume and obstruction of the urinary tract.
Researcher Charuhas Thakar commented “Diabetes mellitus is the single largest contributor to the growing prevalence of chronic kidney disease. It leads to end-stage kidney disease, increases the risk for hospitalization and is one of the major risk factors for developing acute kidney injury.”

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