Research shows that having high blood pressure, triglycerides levels and a high BMI can have a bearing on the risk of developing kidney disease as much as 30 years into the future.
Kidney Disease is a common condition with 1 in 10 people, regardless of diabetes, having chronic kidney disease (CKD). In people with diabetes, around 4 in 10 will develop the condition. Chronic kidney is treatable but, if the condition advances over a number of years, it may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Researchers from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute’s Framingham Heart Study reviewed 441 people with newly diagnosed chronic kidney disease and compared risk factors for kidney disease with 882 control participants that did not develop CKD.
30 years before diagnosis, those that developed Kidney disease were:

76% more likely to have had high blood pressure
71% more likely to have a blood pressure over 30 (obese)
43% more likely to have had high triglyceride levels

20 years before diagnosis, those that developed kidney disease were:

38% more likely to have had high blood pressure
35% more likely to have had high triglyceride levels
2.9 more likely to have had diabetes

The researchers also found that the more risk factors someone has had in the past, the higher the chance of developing kidney disease. The results of the study outline the importance of reducing the number of risk factors you have as early as possible. In addition, previous long term studies into the risk of diabetic kidney disease has shown that, if you are able to reduce your HbA1c levels, this can have a significant effect in decreasing your risk as well.

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