Diabetes Glossary: E

Diabetes Glossary: E

edema (eh-DEE-muh):

swelling caused by excess fluid in the body.

electromyography (ee-LEK-troh-my-AH-gruh-fee) (EMG):

a test used to detect nerve function. It measures the electrical activity generated by muscles.


see electromyography


acronym for Emergency Medical Technician.

endocrine (EN-doh-krin) gland:

a group of specialized cells that release hormones into the blood. For example, the islets in the pancreas , which secrete insulin , are endocrine glands.

endocrinologist (EN-doh-krih-NAH-luh-jist):

a doctor who treats people who have endocrine gland problems such as diabetes.

end-stage renal disease (ESRD):

see kidney failure

enzyme (EN-zime):

protein made by the body that brings about a chemical reaction, for example, the enzymes produced by the gut to aid digestion.


acronym for Certified Exercise Physiologist.

erectile dysfunction:

see impotence

euglycemia (you-gly-SEEM-ee-uh):

a normal level of glucose in the blood.

exchange lists:

one of several approaches for diabetes meal planning. Foods are categorized into three groups based on their nutritional content. Lists provide the serving sizes for carbohydrates , meat and meat alternatives, and fats These lists allow for substitution for different groups to keep the nutritional content fixed.

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