Diabetes Glossary: E

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

edema (eh-DEE-muh):

swelling caused by excess fluid in the body.

electromyography (ee-LEK-troh-my-AH-gruh-fee) (EMG):

a test used to detect nerve function. It measures the electrical activity generated by muscles.

EMG:

see electromyography.

EMT:

acronym for Emergency Medical Technician.

endocrine (EN-doh-krin) gland:

a group of specialized cells that release hormones into the blood. For example, the islets in the pancreas, which secrete insulin, are endocrine glands.

endocrinologist (EN-doh-krih-NAH-luh-jist):

a doctor who treats people who have endocrine gland problems such as diabetes.

end-stage renal disease (ESRD):

see kidney failure.

enzyme (EN-zime):

protein made by the body that brings about a chemical reaction, for example, the enzymes produced by the gut to aid digestion.

EPC:

acronym for Certified Exercise Physiologist.

erectile dysfunction:

see impotence.

euglycemia (you-gly-SEEM-ee-uh):

a normal level of glucose in the blood.

exchange lists:

one of several approaches for diabetes meal planning. Foods are categorized into three groups based on their nutritional content. Lists provide the serving sizes for carbohydrates, meat and meat alternatives, and fats. These lists allow for substitution for different groups to keep the nutritional content fixed.